A group of astrophysicists working for the Breakthrough Listen project put together a catalog in which there are more than 700 universal objects searching for extraterrestrial life.
The nomenclature, published in a document, is the first to cover the full breadth of astrophysical objects and events in distant galaxies and in the Solar System itself. They are, in total, 737 elements, from comets and pulsars to galaxies, reaching the rarest and most violent celestial phenomena.
The initiative called Exotica is part of Breakthrough Listen, where scientists from all over the world work, through the most modern technology, in the search for intelligent life in other parts of the cosmos, according to their website.
The team developed it conceptually, compiled it, and now shared it with the astronomical community in hopes that it can guide future work, allow life beyond Earth to be studied, natural astrophysics, and also to serve as a guide to the industry benchmark.
“Many discoveries in astronomy were not planned. Sometimes a major new finding was missed when no one looked in the right place, because they believed that nothing could be found there. This happened with exoplanets, which could have been detected before the decade of 1990 if astronomers had looked for very different solar systems than ours, “lead author Brian Lacki said in a statement.
The researcher who works at the Department of Astronomy at the University of Berkeley, California, told the Gizmodo site that the way they put together the list is the same as the way used in biological nomenclatures where “you can have millions of species “. To graph, he used the example of the planets, which are the hot Jupiters, the mini Neptunes, or the giant Earths, for example, among hundreds of derivatives.
Within the objects, separated into different categories, are planets, moons, large and small galaxies, star clusters, pulsars, and other known phenomena. But there are also elements that go around in the cosmos and are anomalous, such as the mysterious probe Oumuamua or the ” Star of Tabby”.
Finally, the catalog has technical elements that astrophysicists propose to continue studying, such as Voyager probes, the New Horizons spacecraft, meteorological satellites, and even the red Tesla Roadster car that Elon Musk launched into space.