Ahmed Raslan, professor of functional brain surgery and neurosurgery at the American University of Oregon, said in exclusive statements to “Sky News Arabia” that there have been two significant surgical developments for Parkinson’s disease over the of the last two years.
With regard to the advanced treatment of Parkinson’s disease, which is a treatment that is part of a set of treatments and treatment pathways, it is specifically referred to as surgical treatment.
Surgical treatment is not available for all patients with Parkinson’s disease, as most patients with Parkinson’s disease respond to drug treatment.
The few who do not respond to drug treatment, or very advanced cases, are those who need surgical treatment, which is a very effective treatment that changes the nature of life and the quality of life of the patient in a very impressive.
Two major developments that have taken place in the past two years for this type of treatment are the development of deep brain stimulation devices.
Deep brain stimulation is an existing treatment that has been approved for use in patients with Parkinson’s disease for more than 20 years, but these devices have stimulated two regions of the brain continuously, regularly and unchangingly.
The discourse in this field is that these devices have the ability to detect brain activity and record it, in addition to detecting the repayment time of the signs of Parkinson’s disease and changing the alarm depending on the brain state i.e. alert if needed, alert alert or answer call.
This type of change is a closed-loop change, and it is a very modern alert that relies on artificial intelligence technology and microchip technology by continuously recording and analyzing brain activity in a fraction of a second and issuing the devices decision to change its activity to modify the brain activity to maintain the state of the brain in a state of “contraction” continuously, or in a state closer to the state of health than the state of illness.
This development is very important and it is very recent, and there is a research group published on this recently, and we participate in a research institution in this type of development.
The second type is related to sound wave surgeries, which are very modern surgeries, since they do not use a surgical scalpel, but “invisible” sound rays are used in them, during which the energy found in nature is used in a regulated manner and with very high technology.
This type is performed by having the patient enter a device equipped with a helmet which contains 1024 sources of sound energy, and all these sources are concentrated in a focus, and this focus can be corrected at a specific point in the brain which is smaller than 5 millimeters, where its temperature is raised to effect a permanent cautery at that focal point.
These techniques are used with Parkinson’s disease and other types of tremors and involuntary movements characterized by the presence of disturbances in the deep foci of the brain that can be treated by cauterization, which is permanent, non-invasive and controlled cauterization. .
A study by researchers at the Neuromuscular Systems Laboratory at Dublin College, Ireland, has been published under the title “Controlled closed-loop deep brain stimulation patterns for suppressing pathological beta oscillations in Parkinson’s disease”.
The study provided a closed-loop control computer model for deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson’s disease (PD) to investigate clinically applicable control schemes for suppressing pathological beta-band activity.
Closed-loop DBS for PD has shown promising results in preliminary clinical studies and offers the possibility of achieving better control of patient symptoms and side effects with less power consumption than conventional open-loop DBS .
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