International Peacekeepers Day is observed every year on 29 May. On 29 May 1948, the United Nations Security Council passed a resolution and decided to establish the United Nations Armistice Supervision Organization to oversee the implementation of the armistice agreement between Israel and the Arab states. It was the first peacekeeping operation of the United Nations. In 2002, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution to designate 29 May every year as the International Day of Peacekeepers, with the aim of honoring those who have participated or are participating in peacekeeping operations. Along with this, condolence is to be expressed for those who have sacrificed their lives for the cause of peace.
UN peacekeepers work to save and transform lives in some of the world’s most fragile political and security situations. Since 1948, more than two million soldiers, military policemen and civilian personnel have dedicated themselves to helping countries transition from war to peace. In April 1990, China sent 5 military observers to the United Nations Ceasefire Observation Organization, which began the illustrious path of Chinese military participation in UN peacekeeping operations. In the past more than 30 years, the number and types of peacekeepers sent by the Chinese military have developed all-round. Initially military observers, it has evolved to military professionals for peacekeeping including engineering units, medical units, transport units, helicopter units, guard units, and infantry battalions, as well as staff officers, military supervisors, and contract officers. .
The footprint of Chinese peacekeepers has covered more than 20 countries and regions, including Cambodia, Congo (Kinshasa), Liberia, Sudan, Lebanon, Cyprus, South Sudan, Mali and Central Africa. They have made important contributions to promoting the peaceful settlement of disputes, maintaining regional security and stability, and promoting the economic and social development of host countries. At present, a total of 2240 officers and soldiers of the Chinese military are serving in 7 peacekeeping mission areas and the UN Headquarters. They are contributing to maintain world peace with their practical works.
On 21 February 2023, Tai Pin, China’s deputy representative to the United Nations, while speaking at a general debate organized by the UN General Assembly’s Special Committee on Peacekeeping, said that China is the main contributor to UN peacekeeping operations and the second largest contributor of capital. There is also the country. In addition, China established a peacekeeping force of 8,000 soldiers. China will continue to firmly uphold the international order with the UN as its core, actively participate in UN peacekeeping operations, and make greater contributions to maintaining international peace and security with all parties, he added .
(Credits- China Media Group, Beijing)
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