A few years ago, the pollution in the capital of China and the haze in the sky there was the reason for the headlines around the world. But Beijing’s environment is now clean. Now air pollution is negligible. The efforts of the Chinese government are responsible for this pleasant change. The reason for this is that the Chinese government has started worrying about the environment and its responsibility for it. The Chinese government has declared that by the year 2060, China will become a zero-carbon emission country. After the clean air of Beijing, the world has also started to believe that like a global economic power, China is also moving towards emerging as an environmental power.
According to the resolution of the Paris conference focused on climate change, China aims to maximize carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. Giving this information, attention should be paid to what President Xi Chinfing had said at the 2021 United Nations Conference. Xi then said that China would strongly support the development of green and low-carbon energy in developing countries and would not build new coal-fired power projects overseas. The world considered this step very revolutionary on the environmental front. This resolution of China can become a useful example for the world struggling with environmental concerns arising out of carbon emissions. Beijing, which was once considered one of the most polluted cities in the world, but due to these resolutions of China, the situation here has become much better. Now the blue sky is often seen here.
Nowadays electric vehicles are being promoted a lot in China. Artificial forests and parks are also being built in all the areas of the country. Due to this, the greenery of the country is increasing. This has also helped in controlling pollution. A survey was done in China last year, which had very positive results. According to the “2022 Land Greening Status Bulletin in China” released in March this year, the area of forests in China has increased to 231 million hectares. It is clear that due to the efforts of China, greenery has increased there. In China, such statistics are released every ten years. Similarly in China, the area of wetland has also increased to 23.46 million hectares. Former Vice Minister of Natural Resources Affairs Wang Kuang made a statement after this survey, according to which this survey proves how much China’s environmental situation has improved in the past decade.
At the same time, according to the Observer Foundation, a research institute in India, there is still less land use in rural areas of China. Under the Paris Climate Agreement, countries around the world are following policies to combat climate change. The institute believes that China’s objective under its government’s task force is to achieve its commitment to reduce carbon. In this, all the departments of the government are taking steps together. For example, in February last year 2022, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Information Technology, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, the Ministry of Commerce, the Administration for Market Regulation and the Central Administration prepared an ‘Implementation Plan for the Promotion of Green Consumption’ . Under this, there is a plan to establish the concept of green consumption among people by 2025 and to prepare a green and low-carbon model of consumption by 2030. According to the institute, over the years, China has gained expertise in the solar photovoltaic industry and wind power. As a country rich in abundant natural resources, China has made significant progress in becoming the world leader in the production technologies of renewable energy.
In May of 2022, the State Council of the People’s Republic of China through a circular informed the country of the plan to implement ‘high-quality development of new energy’. The council then said, “China will focus on building large-scale wind power and photovoltaic power stations in the desert region. At the same time, new exploitation and use of energy will be linked with rural revival and encourage the use of new energy in industry and construction sector.
(Umesh Chaturvedi, senior Indian journalist)
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