The statements of officials in Egypt about the failure of the tripartite talks with Ethiopia and Sudan over the Renaissance Dam were accompanied by voices calling for a military confrontation.

Cairo and on the political level, it ruled out that the ongoing negotiations would yield any result, attributing the reason to “Ethiopian intransigence.”

On social media, the drums of war sounded, as the Egyptian tweeters demanded a military strike that would silence Ethiopia and protect Egypt’s water security.

On the other hand, Ethiopians respond by threatening a relentless war if Cairo prevents their country from operating the dam.

The huge Renaissance Dam project on the Blue Nile, which Ethiopia launched in 2011, is a source of regional tension, especially with Egypt, which the Nile supplies 90 percent of its water needs, and is already suffering from water scarcity even before filling the dam.

With the deadline set by Ethiopia to start filling the Nahda Dam lake next month, some social networking influencers are beginning to talk about the military option.

Some Egyptian tweeters have retrieved historical statements by former officials that the military option may be resorted to in the event of wrecking Egypt’s water share.

The dam will deprive Egyptians of 20 billion cubic meters of their current share of 55 billion cubic meters during the years of filling the disputed dam between Egypt and Ethiopia.

The Renaissance Dam, according to the former Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation, Dr. Mohamed Nasr El-Din Allam, will lead to “the rigging of about four million acres of agricultural land and the discharge of water from the High Dam, which will stop the turbines that generate electricity, and will lead to a deterioration in fish farms.”

Egyptians threatening Ethiopia

Egyptian businessman Naguib Sawiris said in a tweet on Twitter that “the Egyptian people will not allow any country to make him hungry, and if Ethiopia does not reach an agreement with us, we will be the first people to call for war.”

Egyptians distributed a hashtag # #AlNahda Dam, pictures of the Egyptian army, its equipment, and its planes, demanding the implementation of a military threat against the Al-Nahda Dam.

The director and member of the Egyptian House of Representatives Khaled Youssef republished a clip from a video of former Commander-in-Chief – the Field Marshal Mohamed Abdel Halim Abu Ghazala threatening to use force to preserve Egypt’s right to the waters of the Nile.

Abu Ghazaleh said in the video, “The action in these areas is not directed against Egypt, and if it is directed against Egypt, we must confront it. We must seek to use all comprehensive forces to prevent the implementation of projects in some countries of the Nile Basin that aim to reduce Egypt’s share of Nile water”.

“The lack of the Nile water flowing into Egypt means there is no life and there is no Ethiopia either,” said Adel Ghali, adding, “Be careful of the Egyptian people’s anger, and if Ethiopia is ready for war in order to invest in the dam, then we will be more prepared to fight for our lives.”.

The Ethiopians respond

On the other hand, the Ethiopian tweet did not sit idly by, as some of them used the Arabic tag “#Al-Nahdha” in addition to #itsmydam to respond to the Egyptians.

“Our country, which, thanks to God Almighty, has been able to continue the construction of the Renaissance Dam in the shadow of the Corona pandemic, will continue to protect it with every necessary deterrent force,” he said.

The Ethiopian Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General Adam Mohamed, said on March 12 after negotiations postponed that his country’s army was ready to counter any military attack targeting the dam and responding to the source of the attacks in the same way, during his visit to the dam accompanied by the leaders of the Ethiopian army.

Ethiopian activist Yunus Al-Arami says that all races and ethnicities in Ethiopia stand together for one issue, the Renaissance Dam.

The $4.2 billion (€3.8 billion) dam will start generating electric power in late 2020 and reach its maximum operating capacity by 2022.

Then it will be the largest water power plant in Africa with a capacity of 6 thousand megawatts.

Ethiopians published a picture of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abi Ahmed Bazzi Askari, echoing his speech in Parliament several months ago that no one can stop Ethiopia from building the dam and not start filling it.

Hani Raslan, head of the Sudan and Nile Basin Unit at the Al-Ahram Center, did not rule out the possibility of Egypt resorting to weapons in the case of the Renaissance Dam.

Raslan said in a statement to “The Eastern Herald” that Egypt confirmed that it would use all means to defend its rights in the waters of the Nile, including the military solution, noting that Cairo’s official position did not exclude the military solution.

While Dr. Ayman Shabana, director of the African Research Center at Cairo University, stressed that Addis Ababa filling the dam was tantamount to declaring war on Egypt because it had threatened the lives of Egyptians.

Shabana told The Eastern Herald: “All alternatives will then be open to Egypt, from peaceful alternatives to coercive alternatives.”

The Egyptian Foreign Minister, Sameh Shoukry, expressed on Monday his lack of optimism about the results of the ongoing trilateral talks with Ethiopia and Sudan, because of what he called “Ethiopian intransigence,” noting that his country is considering resorting to other options.

Egypt is awaiting a crucial meeting on Monday, to find out the fate of the tripartite talks on the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam after it had reached a dead end, where the negotiations will be evaluated.

On Monday, Shukry affirmed in a symposium titled “Egyptian Diplomacy: Dealing with the current challenges,” Egypt’s commitment to the negotiation approach over the past years, and its sincere intentions towards reaching a fair and just agreement for this crisis, in a way that meets the interests of the three countries.

However, my thanks added that “the recent negotiating position does not herald positive results with the continuation of the Ethiopian intransigence approach, in a way that Egypt will have to discuss with other options, such as resorting to the International Security Council.”

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He pointed out that Egypt’s resort to the Security Council in order to “fulfill the responsibilities of the Council in redressing the impact on international peace and security by preventing Ethiopia from taking unilateral action that negatively affects Egypt’s water rights.”

Over the past days, at the invitation of Sudan, the water ministers of the three countries met after an absence of about four months, and after Egypt took refuge in the UN Security Council, in a new attempt to reach an agreement before the date set by Ethiopia to start filling the dam next month.

© The Eastern Herald

About author:

Editor in chief of The Eastern Herald. Studied Information Technology and Management. Trying to understand Human Behavior and inclinations in the modern world. An OSINT Partisan & Political Analyst, Human Rights activist, and Social Activist.

12 COMMENTS

  1. Ethiopia the aggressor would like to picture itself as the victim of Egypt. Sarcastic … but true ! Egypt is not threatening Ethiopia to cut the water it is Ethiopia that is doing that. Egypt is not the one who negotiated for (9) years only to gain time to build the dam, it is Ethiopia that did that. Egypt is not the one who is not willing to sign an agreement, it is Ethiopia that is doing that. As we all know the dam turbines have been reduced to (12) instead of (16) due to defective dam design. This will not make the dam produce enough electricity Ethiopia was claiming it was trying to accomplish. Ethiopia also has no interest in using all the Nile water for agriculture needs. So the question is, why is Ethiopia doing that ? … for sure it is not the electricity issue ! The answer flat out is … Ethiopia has hidden agendas ! The untold story is that Ethiopia is trying to bring Egypt down to its knees. Ethiopia believes that Egypt is the old history and it is time for it to go, while the future in Africa is for Ethiopia! so lets finish Egypt now … once and for all !

    • No one can not stop building the DAM its not govermental issue its all about citizens ethiopia. Its not only building Dam if Egypt goes in to war what next they did’n gate drop of water all atribute river changed into use of irrigation purpose any area do not forget our country contribute 80% of nile water source not egypt!!!!!!!!!

    • Your comment is astute, similar to what Egypt has always been doing. Ethiopia wants just one thing, the right of using its own river Abay (the blue nile) and we have all the rights to do so. You may keep crying but be assured that you will see us using our water for our economic development. Should you need the war option, go for it and you will end up getting zero from our land.

  2. The nileland comment is astute, similar to what Egypt has always been doing. Ethiopia wants just one thing, the right of using its own river Abay (the blue nile) and we have all the rights to do so. You may keep crying but get assured that you see us using our water for our economic development. Should you need the war option, go for it and you will end up getting zero from our land.

  3. Egypt will be doomed with water crisis with or without GERD.
    As the population growth starts to explode in the coming decades, water is the source of survival within Ethiopia or Egypt. Be ready for the water shortfall in all Nile basin countries with the population projections. One of the other factor will be the ENVIRONOMENTL factor, as the annual growth of Ethiopian poor population which lacks electricity and petroleum as a fuels resorts to cutting more trees for of its daily needs, this in turn destroys the rain forests. Egyptian should invest NOW in the reforestation of Ethiopian highlands to harness more water for their future use, or it is like long-term investment which brings lasting income and prosperity for both countries. However, buying expensive war machine does not bring Egypt any additional bucket of water.
    On the other hand weather there is GERD or not Ethiopians are drying up Abbay River by a bucket or water pumps.
    We have seen the above occurrences within Ethiopia that lakes are dying, yearlong rivers are turning into seasonal rivers. Look what is happening to Lake Tana, or the source of Abbay River, it is shrinking in alarming rate the weed is drying up the lake, irrigation in the surrounding area as well. WHERE is EGYPT? Are they contributing anything to mitigate this issue by working with Ethiopian people or still buying war toys? I am telling the Egyptian population to demand their government a peaceful and cooperative way of agreeing with Ethiopia. The coming decade will tell whether the war toys produce any water! Or the price of one war toy money can plant a million trees and generate jobs and could benefit both countries.
    On the other hand, Ethiopia has a sovereign right to use the Abbay River for generating electricity or irrigation use to feed its own population without arresting the water downstream according to internal river rule states.
    Look how much water is diverted and wasted in the Sahara desert? You name it a stupid project like Toshka and similar ones which did not benefit anyone and wasted in a desert. How many golf fields are dotting Nile river? Did Egypt consult other upstream countries and get consents when they build all this? Of course it is their sovereign right to do how it fits their country, which will work the same in the Ethiopian case and other upstream countries. Egypt needs to learn from Israel how to use a drip irrigation system, its farmers still use thousands years old flood irrigation. Instead of buying war toys invest on this systems. Egypt one of the largest user of solar system in the Middle East needs to reduce for a few years hydroelectric production and drain water into Mediterranean ocean, it is an option to cooperate filling the Ethiopian GERD. It is always give and take should work.
    What is the problem and creating a noise, look for history and study hard why Ethiopia never been colonized by any force before you show your war toys and miscalculate. There is an Ethiopian saying “ye kotun awerd bela yebebetwan talech” meaning ” by reaching for more on a higher shelf, she dropped what she have under her armpit” Egyptian government complains what they have today, we all see in ten years how much water reduction is projected reaching your land.
    Cooperation and mutual benefit should go first before Egyptians are dying of water thirst with or without GERD.

  4. Egytians should be very grateful whatever amount of water flows into their desert country and should not be foolish to carry out an attack that may end up costing them more.for far too long egypt has been using Ethiopian water,about 80%,and ofcourse ,topsoil free of charge.
    The onus is on Egytians to stop relying on what is not theirs and find alternative solution to impending water shortages.(next door Libya should be a good example).

    War is ugly and it will surely turn out to be very ugly for foolish egyptians.

  5. WWho gives a share of water and how much of it produce in Egypt. It is zero but you want to be a hero and monopolistic. This is not the colonial period as your master-slave has done it. Hahaha. We will not want to share the water produced in Egypt territory. What a shame, selfish, rigid, and biased mentality. We have a natural right to use the water without significant harm, keen to co-existence, and brotherhoods.
    We don’t want to war with our brothers and neighbors. But if we enforced to war we know how to play the game. It is in our blood, culture, and history to be a warrior and victory over our external enemy. Please ask your ancestors and history. Better to stop escalating the issue. This is the 21st century for any problem we have to come to the table (CTTT) with a win-win solution. Aggression to be shark is not the solution for this era. Come and plant the tree which improves the volume of the water reach to you, mutual co-existence, and use. Do you think you will use the water after any attempt? It will create eternal enmity. We will fight you until the end of the world. We and the next generation will not fall asleep without vanishing you and you will not sleep a single second with peace.

  6. Don’t be pathetic and selfish EGYPT. ask yourself if what you are doing is the right thing, because it sure isn’t. Ethiopians have been suffering form lack of water and electricity. Ethiopians suffered because they didn’t built the dam. now they will and there suffering will come to an end. you like or not, ETHIOPIA IS GOING TO BUILD/FILL THE DAM. and Ethiopians are not afraid of pathetic Egyptians, as my brother said in the above comment, instead of Egyptians buying their war toy, the should find a solution for their problem. By the way i am not Ethiopian nor Egyptian. but i would been proud if i were Ethiopian. so Egypt this is my message for you, ” stop being the reason for others pain, stop causing suffering for others, stop being selfish, stop acting/thinking like an animal, and definitely STOP arguing with Ethiopia, because blue Nile was given to Ethiopia. and if you read your history, you wouldn’t be fighting with Ethiopia because. if you search you history the land you are living in right now, was given to you by Ethiopians. Egypt when did you think you come from? you think you were in Africa the whole time? NOPE. if you actually believed that you are uneducated than i expected you to be. but the answer is you migrated from the middle east and came to Africa. by that time Abyssinia, now known as Ethiopia was in charge. and she gave you the that land because you were poor. so be thankful.”

  7. We want peace,little bit of sympathy is all you need But incase of you are pushing as in to war
    We are ready to SACRIFICE.

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