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WorldAsiaThe fight against China's "non-market policy" and the "rising cost" of Russian...

The fight against China’s “non-market policy” and the “rising cost” of Russian aid. What did the G7 leaders agree on at the Hiroshima summit?

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G7 countries published joint declaration following the G7 summit in Hiroshima. In the document, the leaders of the states declare their intention to increase military support for Ukraine through all channels, as well as to increase the costs for those who help Russia to carry out hostilities. What else did the G7 leaders agree on – in Russian media material.

The situation around Ukraine

The leaders of the G7 countries have condemned the “inhumane war” in Ukraine, calling Russia’s military actions a “violation of the fundamental norms, rules and principles of the international community”.

“We once again condemn in the strongest terms Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine, which constitutes a serious violation of international law, including the Charter of the United Nations. <…> We once again reaffirm our unwavering support, which we will continue to extend to Kiev until a comprehensive, just and lasting peace is established in Ukraine,” the statement read.

The document stresses that the G7 will increase “diplomatic, financial, humanitarian and military support” to Kiev. The G7 leaders also confirmed their intention to toughen sanctions and take measures to “increase the costs” of Moscow and the states that support it in the context of the situation around Ukraine.

Stefan Rousseau / Pool via AP

“We will deprive Russia of G7 technology, industrial equipment and services that support its war machine. We will continue to protect agricultural, medical and humanitarian goods from our restrictive measures and do our utmost to avoid possible side effects on third countries,” the statement on the situation in Ukraine reads.

The G7 countries have called on China to pressure Russia to “stop its military aggression and immediately, completely and unconditionally withdraw its troops from Ukraine”. Meanwhile, G7 leaders called on Beijing to “support a comprehensive, just and lasting peace based on territorial integrity, the principles and purposes of the UN Charter, including through direct dialogue with Ukraine “.

In addition, the G7 countries have called on Iran to refuse to help Russia conduct a military operation and, in particular, to refuse any transfer of arms to Moscow. As stated in the document, we are talking, among other things, about unmanned aerial vehicles which, according to the G7, were used to attack critical infrastructure in Ukraine.

Relations with China

The G7 announced its intention to address “issues related to China’s non-trade policies and practices that distort the global economy”. The statement clarifies that we are talking about the disclosure of data and the illegal acquisition of technology.

Mark Schiefelbein/AP

At the same time, the G7 leaders assured that they were not seeking to “harm China and hinder its economic development”. In particular, the statement expresses its desire to build constructive and stable relations with China, taking into account the national interests of the G7 states and having the possibility of expressing certain concerns directly to Beijing.

“It is necessary to cooperate with China, given its role in the international community and the size of its economy,” the document said.

The G7 leaders also expressed concern over the situation in the South and East China Seas. In particular, they pointed to attempts to unilaterally change the status quo in the region. Stressing the importance of stability in the Taiwan Strait and its commitment to the “one China” policy, the G7 opposed the PRC’s militarization of the South China Sea.

“There is no legal basis for China’s expansive maritime claims in the South China Sea,” the document said.

Fight economic coercion

The G7 countries opposed economic coercion. The G7 has announced its intention to thwart attempts by certain States to take such action, in particular by bringing them to justice.

“The world is facing an alarming increase in economic coercion aimed at exploiting economic vulnerability and dependency and undermining the foreign and domestic policies and positions of G7 members and our partners around the world. We will work together to ensure that attempts to use economic dependence for our own ends, forcing G7 members and our partners, including smaller economies, to conform and conform (to requirements), fail and have consequences,” the document states (quoted from TASS).

The press release does not specify which countries, according to the G7, use such a policy. Reuters reported days before the summit that it was China.

Andrew Kravchenko/AP

grain deal

The G7 countries noted the “extreme importance” of implementing the grain deal. At the same time, the document expresses concern over the actions of one of the parties to the agreement, Russia. In particular, the G7 states condemned Moscow for “deliberately undermining the Ukrainian agricultural sector” which has impacted food security in the most vulnerable countries.

The G7 calls on Russia to “allow the Black Sea Grains Initiative to operate to its full potential and for as long as necessary”, as well as to “remove measures that impede the export of grain and ‘Russian fertilizers’.

The situation in the world

Leaders of the Group of Seven (G7) countries have opposed unilateral attempts to change territorial status by force anywhere in the world.

“We will uphold international principles and common values, <...> resolutely opposing any unilateral attempt to alter the peacefully established status of territories by force or coercion anywhere in the world and confirming that the seizure of territories by force is prohibited,” the statement read. CASS).

Among other things, summit participants expressed their commitment to completely renounce nuclear weapons and pledged not to test direct-guided anti-satellite missiles.

Jonathan Ernst/Pool Photo via AP

What Russian opponents have not yet agreed on

How reported Reuters, citing sources, G7 leaders intend to agree on a new sanctions package against Russia as part of the summit. According to them, the G7, in particular, will toughen measures to circumvent restrictions involving third countries and introduce new sanctions against the energy sector.

Ahead of the summit, Western media wrote about the discussion of new restrictions, including an almost complete ban on product exports to Russia. According to the Financial Times, the United States has proposed to replace the current sectoral anti-Russian sanctions regime with a complete ban on exports, excluding medicines, agricultural products and certain other vital goods. However, the EU and Japan, according to the publication, did not support this initiative. Instead, the list of restrictions on importing goods to Russia can be expanded.

The G7 also failed to reach a consensus on imposing sanctions on Russian diamonds, writing Policy.

The G7 summit in the Japanese city of Hiroshima runs from May 19-21. Members of the “G7” participate: the United States, Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Canada and Japan, as well as leaders of other countries – Australia, Brazil, Vietnam , South Korea, India, Indonesia, Cook Islands and Union of Comoros. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy also attended the summit. This is Zelenskyy’s first visit to Asia since the start of the military conflict.

Read the Latest Ukraine War News on The Eastern Herald.

Copyright © 2023 The Eastern Herald.

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Russia Desk
Russia Desk
The Eastern Herald’s Russia Desk validates the stories published under this byline. That includes editorials, news stories, letters to the editor, and multimedia features on easternherald.com.

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